Signs & Symptoms of GERD

The signs and symptoms of GERD vary significantly from case to case. For example, patients who eat certain foods, such as those that are heavily spiced, may experience worsened discomfort than a patient who avoids those foods, even if the severity of their GERD is the same.

The telltale sign of GERD is chronic pain and discomfort in the chest area often referred to as heartburn or acid reflux. Other symptoms and signs can include:

  • A persistent and dry cough
  • Persistent sore throat
  • Wheezing with or without the presence of asthma
  • The occurrence and recurrence of pneumonia
  • Significant pain or discomfort in the upper or lower chest area
  • Bad breath
  • Discoloration or erosion of teeth as a result of persistent contact with acid
  • Problems swallowing including pain
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Acidic taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty sleeping

In severe cases, heartburn may feel like a heart attack because of the pressure and discomfort that is often felt in the chest. Remember that you should contact 911 immediately if you find yourself in what you believe to be an emergency medical situation.